In Co-ordSport Blog
A question we’re regularly asked at Co-ordSport is: “what LSDs do we recommend to fit a Lancer Evolution”, here is our advice:
First, we need answers to some questions;
Here are the differences and why they are important:
A) Evo4-6/TM cars have a ViscousCouplingUnit controlling the centre diff (the VCU is in the transfer and controls the centre diff. which is in the gearbox). TM’s are slightly different, as some had bigger bearings in their transfer casings, similar to Evo7’s). The OE front diff. is either an open diff. or a Helical Gear Diff (torsen/worm drive). The OE rear diff. is a plated LSD on the RS, or the ActiveYawControl diff. on the GSR.
B) Evo7-9 cars have an ActiveCentreDiff. in the transfer, controlling the gearbox’s centre diff., in place of the VCU. The front and rear diffs are basically same options as the E4-6, although the AYC diff. did evolve into “Super AYC”, which is a more durable unit.
It is not easy to come up with a compromise that caters for all surfaces.
Bear in mind some basic suggestions:
For tarmac, it is an ideal starting point to have strong/tight front and rear diffs, along with a softer centre diff. setting.
For gravel/loose surfaces, you should aim for a tighter/stronger centre diff. whilst still using a strong rear diff., but the front diff. can be adjusted to suit the driver’s preferred style. The stronger centre diff. will make the car understeer, and that is the main reason it is not ideal for tarmac.
We would recommend the KAAZ diffs. Front, Centre and Rear. The KAAZ front unit is a big strong unit, and once fitted it leaves no space in the transfer for the VCU. That would leave the car with an Open centre diff, with no control, so KAAZ produce a Centre LSD to install in the gearbox, to replace the OE open diff.
The KAAZ units are mechanical friction clutch plate type LSDs, with
All 3 x diffs., Front, Centre and Rear, can be adjusted, but it requires removal of the diff(s) from the car and dismantling, sometimes the purchase and fitment of alternative parts (different preload, different ramp angles, and different friction levels, some plates offset to reduce effect). This is probably not necessary at the rear, so start your fine tuning at the Front and Centre.
The above KAAZ units cannot be used in Group N, as they are not homologated. For FIA Group N you should use the Ralliart or Toth Front LSD, with a standard size VCU (which can be rebuilt to a variety of settings) at the centre, and a standard or Ralliart rear diff.
The KAAZ centre diff. would need adjusting, to allow a softer setting. Really that is better achieved with a VCU, so we recommend not to use the KAAZ front diff. (as it will not fit with a VCU). We recommend, therefore, the
If you need to comply with FIA Group N, it would again be the Ralliart or Toth Front LSD, with a VCU (set to a softer tarmac setting).
E4/6 Diffs available are as follows:
|Front||DBM2060 (1.5way, 12 plates)||£955+VAT Retail|
|Centre||DBM2070 (1.5way, 12 plates)||£700+VAT|
|Rear||SBM2031 (1.5way, 20 plates)||£550+VAT (also fits Evo1-3)|
|RA581182S1 for Tommi Makinen Edition/E7||£1980+VAT|
|RA763555S2 (big non-homologated)||£1980+VAT|
E4/6 unit £895+VAT Retail/Net
|Front||RS Type||LSD147FV1 (1way)||£2,700+VAT (LSD+VCU) Retail|
|LSD447FV1/CV1/CV115 (TME)||£2,700+VAT (LSD+VCU)|
|MZ Type||LSD147D (1way)||£2,700+VAT (LSD+VCU)|
|LSD447D/BV1/BV115 (TME)||£2,700+VAT (LSD+VCU)|
|RS Rear||RS Type||LSD141F/F2 (1/2way)||£850+VAT Retail|
|AYC Rear(GSR)||RS Type||LSD448F/F2 (1/2way)||£900+VAT Retail|
The OE ACD changes everything – as this controls your centre diff. options. Providing you with gravel and tarmac options in one diff. By changing the ACD Controller, you can make the centre diff. more effective and controllable – such Controller units are available from GEMS, KAPS and MoTeC.
For FIA Group N, you should use the homologated front & rear diffs. by Ralliart or Toth (front only).
Homologated E8/9 front diff. has 12 plates and rear diff. has 16 plates
Ralliart offer gravel and tarmac set-ups (small difference in ramp angles).
on-Group N options are:
We would recommend the Cusco MZ diffs., which use the Belleville Washers (cone springs) for initial preload.
We would recommend the Cusco RS diffs., which use a varying No. of small coil springs for initial preload. These provide very progressive action.
A further option for the Front diff. is the WaveTrac helical gear Torque Biasing Diff. , similar to the standard OE option, but stronger.
For track cars with AYC rear diff. Evo4-9, the AYC can be made more positive by adding the Cusco LSD, which replaces the AYC’s OE open diff, which is controlled by the AYC clutch pack. (this can be run with or without AYC control)
E7/9 Diffs available are as follows:
RALLIART – FRONT LSD
|Evo 7||RA580103S1 (ACD)||£1980+VAT Retail|
|Evo 8/9||RA980736S3 (Standard setting)||£1980+VAT|
|RA980736S4 (Hard setting)||£1980+VAT|
RALLIART – REAR LSD
|E8/9 unit||£1595+VAT Retail/Net|
Evo.7 (ACD) – for VCU car see E6 TME above
|Front||RS Type||LSD449F (1way)||£1380+VAT Retail|
|RS Rear||As for Evo.4-6 above|
|AYC Rear||RS Type||LSD448F/F2 (1or2way)||£900+VAT Retail|
|Front||RS Type||LSD450F (1way)||£1380+VAT Retail|
|RS Rear||As for Evo.4-7 above|
|AYC Rear||As for Evo.7 above|
|Front – SST||RS Type||LSD453F (1way)||£1310+VAT Retail|
|MZ Type||LSD453A (1way)||£1310+VAT|
|Front – 5spdMT||RS Type||LSD454F (1way)||£1425+VAT Retail|
|MZ Type||LSD454A (1way)||£1425+VAT|
|RS Rear||As for Evo.4-9 above|
|AYC Rear||RS Type||LSD452F/F2 (1or2way)||£900+VAT Retail|
|Evo.7||Front||RS Type||LSD449R||£1650+VAT Retail|